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Lawrence Rukin

Laurie Rukin farmed all his life at Park Lodge Farm in Keld, where his grandfather and father had also been farmers. Laurie’s son later went on to farm there, making it four generations - since 1901 - of Rukins at Park Lodge. 

Laurie’s grandfather, James Rukin, whose nickname was Bob-Jim, had started work as a miner at Tan Hill Pit when he was nine years old. He earned a shilling a week and in wintertime Laurie said it was dark when he left home in the morning and dark when he got back. The only time his grandfather saw daylight at that time of year was on a Sunday.

Kit Calvert, Full Transcript Part 1

Kit Calvert (KC) was interviewed by W.R. Mitchell (WRM) many times. In this particular interview Kit Calvert describes memories of his childhood in Hawes. He tells tales of unemployment and hardship in the Dales, particularly during the Depression.

Bill Alderson, Audio Clip

In this clip Bill Alderson (BA) describes to W.R. Mitchell (WRM) how Susan Peacock, the landlady at Tan Hill, was frightened of nobody, and how the loaded gun she kept behind the bar at the Inn was put to good use on one occasion.

Bill Alderson

People often used nicknames in the dale where Bill Alderson lived, so he was also known as Big Bill of Angram or ‘Bill Up t’Steps’. It was said that if you addressed a letter to ‘Bill Up t’Steps, Yorkshire, England’, the postman would be able to find him!

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