Newcastle

Lawrence Rukin, Audio Clip

Lawrence Rukin

In this segment Laurie Rukin (LR) tells W.R. Mitchell (WRM) about the Keld Singers.

Lawrence Rukin

Laurie Rukin farmed all his life at Park Lodge Farm in Keld, where his grandfather and father had also been farmers. Laurie’s son later went on to farm there, making it four generations - since 1901 - of Rukins at Park Lodge. 

Laurie’s grandfather, James Rukin, whose nickname was Bob-Jim, had started work as a miner at Tan Hill Pit when he was nine years old. He earned a shilling a week and in wintertime Laurie said it was dark when he left home in the morning and dark when he got back. The only time his grandfather saw daylight at that time of year was on a Sunday.

Kit Calvert, Full Transcript Part 2

Kit Calvert talks about the Depression and the difficulties farmers faced. He explains how the creation of the Milk Marketing Board in 1933 coincided with the Hawes creditor farmers taking over the town creamery. The nature of dales folk is discussed, their ‘strength in adversity’, and whether this is attributable to a Norse heritage, the influence of Chapel, or simply the weather, the isolation and the poverty of rural Dales hamlets

Kit Calvert, Full Transcript Part 1

Kit Calvert (KC) was interviewed by W.R. Mitchell (WRM) many times. In this particular interview Kit Calvert describes memories of his childhood in Hawes. He tells tales of unemployment and hardship in the Dales, particularly during the Depression.

Annie Mason, Full Transcript Part 2

Anne Margaret Mason (AM) describes to W.R. Mitchell (WRM) life on an Upper Wensleydale farm in the first half of the 20th century, describing in particular haymaking, mowing, hay sledges, droving, cheesemaking, pig and geese keeping, and numerous references throughout the tape to the keeping and use of horses on a farm.  

Alice Maunders, Full Transcript

Alice Maunders (AM) was interviewed by W.R. Mitchell (WRM) many times. In her interview in 1988, Alice discusses a number of photos of the Proctor family taken in the early 20th century. She then describes starting work as an Inbetween Maid at the McEvoys' house in Stackhouse and explains working conditions in large houses between the Wars. Alice also describes her husband John Maunders's role as an apprentice hairdresser and her own role as a hairdresser.

Alice Maunders, Audio Clip

Alice Maunders

Alice Maunders (AM) was interviewed many times by W.R. Mitchell (WRM). In this segment Alice describes leaving Newcastle and her first glimpse of Settle in 1927.

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